Candelilla wax


Candelilla wax

Other names


CAS Number

8006-44-8 checkY

ECHA InfoCard

100.029.404 Edit this at Wikidata

EC Number


E number

E902 (glazing agents, ...)


WL0328HX19 checkY

CompTox Dashboard (EPA)

DTXSID90894617 Edit this at Wikidata


Melting point

68.5–72.5 °C (155.3–162.5 °F; 341.6–345.6 K)

Boiling point

> 240 °C (464 °F)

Solubility in water



Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):

LD50 (median dose)

> 5000 mg/kg (rat, oral)

Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa).

Infobox references

Chemical compound

Candelilla wax is derived from the leaves of the small Candelilla shrub native to northern Mexico and the southwestern United States, Euphorbia antisyphilitica, from the family Euphorbiaceae. It is yellowish-brown, hard, brittle, aromatic, and opaque to translucent.

Candelilla WaxComposition and production

With a melting point of 68.5–72.5 °C, candelilla wax consists of mainly hydrocarbons (about 50%, chains with 29–33 carbons), esters of higher molecular weight (20–29%), free acids (7–9%), and resins (12–14%, mainly triterpenoid esters). The high hydrocarbon content distinguishes this wax from carnauba wax. It is insoluble in water but in many organic solvents such as acetone, chloroform, benzene, and turpentine.

The wax is obtained by boiling the leaves and stems with dilute sulfuric acid, and the resulting \"cerote\" is skimmed from the surface and further processed. In this way, about 900 tons are produced annually.


It is mixed with other waxes to harden them without raising their melting point. As a food additive, candelilla wax has the E number E 902 and is used as a glazing agent. It also finds use in the cosmetic industry as a component of lip balms and lotion bars. One of its primary uses is as a binder for chewing gums.

Candelilla wax can be used as a substitute for carnauba wax and beeswax. It is also used for making varnish.


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